Cost Benefit Analysis of Air Pollution Abatement Options in the Ger Area, Ulaanbaatar, and Health Benefits Using Contingent Valuation
The study selected three feasible measures: 1) direct benefits (fuel savings); 2) health benefits; and 3) investment costs. The net present value of the abatement combined options and the
reduction of total suspended particulate (TSP) emissions during the estimated investment time frame. Additionally, the researchers conducted double-bounded dichotomous contingent (DBDC)
valuation surveys with 373 respondents to gather data on air pollution awareness and willingness to pay (WTP) for protection of health from air pollution. To assess the unit costs of health
benefits, the study relied on the WTP study carried out as part of the contingent valuation (CV) study, which derived a value of WTP of $20.30 USD, which is the value placed on protection of
health from air pollution. The result suggests that the air pollution abatement combined option can be seen to reduce emissions approximately 50 percent in Ulaanbaatar over 7 years.
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